*10 July 1896 in Halle(Saale); † 30 August 1965 in Söcking n. Starnberg
German textile designer, tapestry weaver, and graphic artist
Johanna Schütz-Wolff is chiefly known as founder of the textile workshop at Burg Giebichenstein (Halle/Saale). Her tapestries are unequalled in the history of tapestry weaving in Germany.From 1915 to 1918, Johanna Wolff attends the arts-and-crafts trade school in Halle, where she also enrols for Erwin Hahs‘ painting class. Thanks to the reforms carried out by its director Paul Thiersch, the school is at that time one of the leading arts-and-crafts schools in Germany. Thiersch awakens Johanna Wolff‘s enthusiasm for Expressionism. In the autumn of 1920, she is entrusted with the directorship of the recently established textile and handweaving class at the arts-and-crafts school, that is from 1921 on located in Burg Giebichenstein. After getting married to the theologian Paul Schütz, the birth of her daughter, and five years of teaching, the artist moves with her husband to Schwabendorf near Marburg. Here, she creates large-format picture tapestries and graceful woodcuts. In the late 1920s her works, frequently oriented to Expressionism, finds high public recognition in Germany and abroad. During the time of National-Socialist rule, Johanna Schütz-Wolff withdraws herself from all official art events. For fear of being pursued as a ‚degenerate‘ artist, one night she destroys 13 of her large-format tapestries. One of her picture carpets is confiscated in 1938. After 1945, man remains the main motif of her works, sometimes joined by animal. From 1950 on, she dedicates herself to colour woodcut, and in the 1960s, monotype print is one of her preferred techniques. Söcking n. Starnberg is, from 1954 on, her last place of residence. After 1948, the artist is present at a large number of exhibitions, in Germany and abroad. At the Milan triennial in 1955 she is awarded a gold medal, and admitted to the German Kunstrat. In 1958, she is the only and first woman for Germany present at the Venice biennial. Her works are to be found i.a. at the Nationalgalerie Berlin, Pinakothek der Moderne in Munich, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe in Hamburg, and the Grassimuseum Leipzig.