* 3 May 1891 in Pforzheim; † 23 February 1992 in Pforzheim
German painter, draughtsman, and graphic artist
Richard Ziegler (pseudonyms Jean Georg Vincent, Robert Ziller), whose œuvre only after his death gained due public recognition, is one of the artists between Expressionism and Neorealism. Following studies of philosophy, Ziegler starts his artistic career in 1920, as an autodidact. During his journeys to Italy between 1923 and 1925 he develops his own artistic expression. In 1925 Ziegler moves to Berlin. Here, he has his first exhibition at the Galerie Caspar. Via the painter Arthur Segal he gets into touch with the November Group, and he takes part in the group’s exhibitions between 1926 and 1931. His artistic attention is mainly focussed on the inhabitants of big cities, on circus and cabaret. Time and again, he chooses women as the motif of his artistic works. Thus, in the late 1920s, he creates a series of pastel drawings, where he effectively stages feminine sensuality and glamour, often with a modicum of humour. As the painter sees the freedom of art threatened under National-Socialist rule, he emigrates in 1933 to the island of Korcula in the Adriatic Sea. At that time, he creates anti-Fascist portfolios of portraits that unmask the Nazi culprits and show the fate of their victims.
When he has moved to England in 1937, some of his drawings are published as a book under the title ‘We Make History’. In 1962, he chooses the island of Majorca as his place of residence. In the nearby Claw, in 1982, he sets up the Richard Ziegler Stiftung, and he leaves a large part of his œuvre to that foundation. From 1989 on, the artist spends the eve of his life in Pforzheim. Galleries and museums in Frankfurt (on the Main), Hamburg, Munich, Berlin, London and New York organize exhibitions of his works, mainly from 1980 on. Works by the artist are to be found, inter alia, at the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Tate Gallery in London, at the New Walk Museum and Art Gallery in Leicester.