* 21 May 1892 in Duisburg; † 31 December 1965 in Munich
German painter and graphic artist
Johannes (Ernst Ludwig) Molzahn’s art is influenced by Expressionism and Futurism. He combines forms of technical and commercial character with mythical, mystic, and religious contents.
After attending school in Weimer, he finishes an apprenticeship as a photographer and studies at the Grand-Dukal Art School with Henry von de Velde. His education as an artist is mainly autodidactical. During his military service in World War I, he contacts in Berlin the artistic avant-garde around Herwarth Walden, in whose gallery he has his first solo exhibition in 1917. In 1918, Molzahn returns to Weimar and maintains close connections to the Bauhaus, which has been founded here. In 1919 he becomes a member of the Berlin November Group, taking repeatedly part in their exhibitions until 1929. Upon recommendation of the architect Bruno Taut, he is offered a job as an art teacher at the Magdeburg School of Arts and Crafts in 1923. He is represented at the International Exhibition of Modern Arts in New York, in 1926, as well as at a number of group exhibitions in the following years. In 1928, Oscar Moll offers him a professorship at the State Academy of Arts and Crafts in Breslau. In 1933, the National Socialists dismiss him from public service, defaming his art as “degenerate”. He emigrates to the USA in 1938 and returns to Germany (Munich) in 1959.