* 21 November 1890 in Berlin; † 22 April 1976 in Berlin
German paintress and graphic artist
Jeanne Mammen is one of the most expressive german artists of the 20th century. Brought up in Paris, she begins her training as a painter and graphic artist at Académie Julian in 1907. She continues her studies in 1908 at Brussels Royal Academy of Arts and, in 1911, in Rome. At the beginning of World War I, her family is forced to flee France. In 1915 the artist returns to her native Berlin. Here she rents a live-in-studio in 1920 where she remains until the end of her life. With her realist drawings and water colours she becomes a famous chronicler of metropolitan life. In 1930 Jeanne Mammen has a major and successful solo exhibition at the Gurlitt Gallery in Berlin.
1932 and 1933 she participates in exhibitions of the Verein der Berliner Künstlerinnen as a guest. During the Hitler dictatorship she refuses to work for the magazines that toe the Nazi line, and thus earns no money. Her protest is expressed in a new, aggressive painting style. She finds her orientation in works by Picasso and Juan Gris. In 1947 her artist friend Hans Uhlmann organises a solo exhibition for her at the Berlin gallery, Gerd Rosen. 1949/50 she works for the artists’ cabaret Die Badewanne, where also her painter friends Hans Laabs and Hans Thielmann are part of. In the post-war years her artistic work shows a stronger tendency towards abstraction. In the late 1950s, collages of coloured paper and tin foil on oil ground enrich her work. In the last period of her artistic work she creates the so-called numinous pictures of a reduced, poetic sign language. In the 1970s the public interest in her work increases. In the 1990s she has numerous exhibitions in museums and galleries. 2017/2018 the Berlinische Galerie in Berlin pays tribute to Jeanne Mammen with a large retrospective.