* 14 June 1877 in Budapest; † 22 January 1956 in Budapest
Hungarian painter and drawer
Béla Kádár ranks among the major Hungarian visual artists of the 20th century. Behind the serenity radiated in his sense for harmony, there is a deep sympathy for human fate, an inexhaustible hope.
Kádár comes from a Jewish workers family; because of his father’s early death, he has to leave school after only six years and to work as a turner in an iron mill. His artistic education he starts at the Budapest college for industrial designers. Between 1902 and 1903 he is a student of the Hungarian painter Ede Ballo. In 1904 he attends free art colleges in Munich and Budapest. From 1906 on, the art gallery of Budapest as well as the Nationalsalon show first drawings and pastels by him. After his participation in the First World War, Kádár leaves Hungary in 1918 to live in Germany and France. Together with his compatriot Hugo Schreiber he exhibits in Max Hevesi’s Vienna art salon in 1921. In 1923 Kádár has a solo exhibition in Herwarth Walden’s Sturm-Galerie in Berlin. The art journal “Der Sturm” publishes works by him. In Berlin, he is inspired by German Expressionism, mainly by the artists of “Der Blaue Reiter”. However, he also includes elements of Cubism, Futurism, and Constructivism into his works. In the twenties and early thirties, Kádár exhibits in Budapest, Berlin and Philadelphia. In 1926 he takes part in the international exhibition of Modern Art in the New York Brooklyn Museum. For another exhibition he personally travels to New York in 1928. During the rule of National Socialism, Kádár’s art is defamed as “degenerate”.
The Hungarian National Gallery stages a first memorial exhibition for Kádár in 1971, 15 years after his death.